Except for East Jerusalem, Haifa and Nazareth, public transportation doesn’t operate
on the Jewish Sabbath - from sundown on Friday until Saturday evening (after dark).
The same is true on Jewish holidays - from sundown until nightfall the next day.
However, except for one day of the year (Yom Kippur - Day of Atonement), private
transportation does operate, in the form of taxis and (in most major areas) jitney
taxis (“Sherut” service).
Jewish dietary regulations
Just about every major hotel in Israel operates under rabbinical supervision, which
means that only kosher food, prepared according to Jewish dietary regulations, is
available. Among other restrictions, products made with pork or shellfish are not
available. Meat and dairy products are not combined in a single meal - and most often,
in a single dining room.
Outside the hotels, there are many fine restaurants which serve kosher and non-kosher
quisine. In the major cities there are many restaurants which remain open on Saturday.
In Arab centers of population, shops, restaurants and cafes remain open on Saturdays
and nearly all Jewish holidays.